Western Wall. A Western Wall scene showing religious Jewish men wearing prayer shawl with black stripes, called “tallit”, during the Passover prayers (Jerusalem).
The Western Wall, also known as Wailing Wall, Al-Buraq Wall, or simply the Kotel, is a relatively small segment of an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem. The term Western Wall commonly refers only to a 57 meters exposed section of a 488 meters long retaining wall on the western side of the Temple Mount, most of which is hidden behind medieval residential structures.
The wall was originally built as a part of the expansion of the Second Jewish Temple begun by Herod the Great which resulted in a huge rectangular structure topped by a flat platform.
Due to its proximity to the Holy of Holies of Temple Mount, this part of the wall is considered the holiest site of Judaism, and because of the restrictions, the western flank is the place where Jews are permitted to pray.